The Central African Republic rebel deal details have been released and leaked to the media. Western media, primarily the Associated Press, published the details of the deal and then the other western media such as Washington Post have followed suit in republishing the article containing the deals between the Central African government and the rebels.
THE BIG PICTURE: The major conflict in the Central African Republic began in 2013 when predominantly Muslim Seleka rebels seized power in Bangui. Largely Christian anti-Balaka militias fought back. Rebels continue to carry out deadly attacks on displaced people’s camps and other communities.
The African Union, which oversaw the negotiations that began on Jan. 24 in Khartoum, has expressed optimism about the agreement.
Details of the deal expounded.
According to an Associated Press(AP) report, the details of the deal brokered by the African Union and the UN mission in CAR, known as Minusca between the Central African Republic government and the rebels were seen on Friday.
An agreement signed by the Central African Republic and 14 rebel groups earlier this week will see the dissolution of armed groups, the formation of an inclusive government and the creation of a fund for victims who have suffered in years of conflict, according to the released accord.
The deal signed Wednesday is the eighth since the fighting began in 2013 but the first to emerge from direct dialogue.
According to the same AP report, the 30-page peace pact, negotiated in Sudan and titled the Political Accord for Peace and Reconciliation, evokes four main points: victims, justice, peace, and national reconciliation.
The agreement says that armed groups will undertake to respect the legitimacy of the country’s institutions and to renounce the use of arms and violence against the defense and security forces, U.N. personnel and humanitarian workers.
Central African @GouvCF and 14 armed groups reached an agreement at Kharthoum peace talks – The meeting started on 24 January with @AU_Chergui facilitation and @UN support #CARpeace #AfricanInitiative pic.twitter.com/mccJ8hN01L
— MINUSCA (@UN_CAR) February 2, 2019
They also agree to refrain from any act of destruction, the occupation of public buildings, places of worship and violence against the civilian population, as well as acts of sexual or gender-based violence.
In exchange, armed groups are able to create political parties, according to the same accord signed.
The government, meanwhile, will monitor the agreement and analyze the reintegration of the leaders of armed groups who formerly served as civil servants or military.
The government is also committed to set up a Truth, Justice, Reparation and Reconciliation Commission within 90 days, cutting short the idea of amnesty long negotiated by armed group leaders.
The signatories also undertake to set up mixed security units that will include elements of the defense and security forces as well as ex-combatants after training.
On the occasion of signing the Global Peace Agreement between the Gov't of the Central African Republic & armed groups, the @UN Secretary-General congratulates all stakeholders for the successful conclusion of the talks that took place in Khartoum, Sudan. https://t.co/GIF74CcLdn pic.twitter.com/ijFAMjcOoO
— UN Peacekeeping (@UNPeacekeeping) February 6, 2019
This means that armed groups will dissolve their movement and help facilitate the return of the authority of the state and to participate in disarmament, demobilization, reintegration, and repatriation within two months.
Armed groups currently control around 80 percent of Central African Republic, and President Faustin Archange Touadera, in power since 2016, has struggled to stabilize the country as armed groups compete over lands rich in gold, diamonds, and uranium.
Thank you for reading our stories!
Besides news and trends, Regionweek is a media created to serve African young professionals with information that they can put to work in their daily life. Would you like making money with a side hustle business that you can build in your spare time? Today you can learn how to earn extra money and grow meaningful businesses. Check ressources on: